The Netherlands Antilles Dutch: Antia Hulandes  was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The country consisted of several island territories located in the Caribbean Sea.
The islands were also informally known as the Dutch Antilles. The former Dutch colony of Surinamalthough it was relatively close by on the continent of South Americadid not become part of Cuontry Antilles but became a separate autonomous country in All the island territories Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles belonged to the Netherlands Antilles remain part of the kingdom today, although the legal status of each differs. As a group they are yirls commonly called the Dutch Caribbeanregardless of their legal status.
The islands of the Netherlands Antilles are all part of the Lesser Antilles Free women fucking in corona ca chain. Within this group, the country was spread over two smaller island groups: No part of the country was in the southern Windward Islands. This island sub-group was Antikles in the eastern Caribbean Sea, to the east of Puerto Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles.
There were three islands, collectively known as the " SSS islands ":. This island sub-group was located in the southern Caribbean Sea off the north coast of Venezuela. There were three cuntry collectively Enej as Hot lady looking sex Winnipeg " ABC Islands ":.
The Netherlands Antilles had an equatorial climatewith hot weather all year round. The Leeward islands are subject to hurricanes in the summer months, while those islands located in the Leeward Antilles are warmer and drier.
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Spanish-sponsored explorers discovered both the leeward Alonso de Ojedaand windward Christopher Columbusisland groups. However, the Spanish Crown only founded settlements in the Leeward Islands.
In the 17th century the islands were conquered by the Dutch West India Company and colonized by Dutch settlers. From the last quarter of the 17th century, the Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles consisted of six Dutch islands: Croix and Tobago had also been Dutch. It had been called "the "Golden Rock" because of the number of wealthy merchants and volume of trade there. giros
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The British sacked its only town, Oranjestad, in and the economy of the island never recovered. Unlike many other regions, few immigrants went to the Dutch islands, due to Antjlles weak economy. This resulted in Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles economies on the two islands, which turned to bust in the s when oil refineries were closed.
The country was dissolved on 10 October Although this regulation was replaced by a constitution Dutch: Its prosperity and that of neighboring Aruba was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of oil refineries to service Wife wants hot sex Bridgeport newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields.
Colonial rule ended after the conclusion of the Second World War.
New ISO country codes for islands in Dutch West Indies
Queen Wilhelmina had promised in a speech to offer autonomy to the overseas territories of the Netherlands. During the war, the British and American occupation of the islands—with the consent of the Dutch government—led to increasing demands for autonomy within the population as well.
In May a new constitution for the territory entered into force, allowing the largest amount of autonomy possible under the Amtilles constitution of Among other things, universal suffrage was introduced. The territory was also renamed "Netherlands Antilles". After the Dutch constitution was revised ina new Netheflands Constitution of the Netherlands Antilles was enacted in February Eilandenregeling Nederlandse Antillen or ERNA was issued by royal decreegiving fairly wide autonomy to the Looking for asain Woodford island territories in the Netherlands Antilles.
A consolidated version of this regulation remained in force until the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles The new constitution was only Housewives looking sex Austria an interim arrangement, as negotiations for a Charter for the Kingdom were already under way.
On 15 December the Netherlands Antilles, Suriname and the Netherlands acceded as equal partners to an overarching Kingdom of the Netherlands, established by the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles on 1 Januarypaving the way for a series of referenda among the remaining islands on the future Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles the Netherlands Antilles.
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Whereas the ruling parties campaigned for the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, the people voted for a restructuring of the Netherlands Antilles. The coalition campaigning for this option became the Party for the Restructured Antilleswhich ruled the Netherlands Antilles for much of the time until its dissolution on 10 October Even though the referendums held in Antklles early s resulted in a vote in favour of retaining the Netherlands Antilles, Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles arrangement continued to be an unhappy one.
Between June and Aprileach island of the Netherlands Antilles had a new referendum on its future status. The four options that could be voted on were the following:. After ratification by cojntry Netherlands 6 Julythe Netherlands Antilles 20 Augustand Aruba Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles Septemberthe Kingdom act amending the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands with regard to the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles was signed by Galery sex Brive-la-Gaillarde three countries in the closing Round Table Conference on 9 September in The Hague.
The Island Regulation had divided the Netherlands Antilles into four island territories: InAruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles, reducing the number of island territories to five. The islands of the former country of Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles are currently divided are two main groups for political and constitutional purposes:.
There are three Caribbean islands that are countries Dutch: The Netherlands is the fourth constituent country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Sint Maarten is approximately one half of the island of Saint Martin ; the remaining northern half of the island—the Collectivity of Saint-Martin —is an overseas territory of France. There are three Caribbean islands that are special municipalities of the Netherlands alone: BonaireSint Eustatiusand Saba. Collectively, these special municipalities of the Netherlands are also known as the BES islands.
Together with the Islands Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles it formed the constitutional basis for the Netherlands Antilles.
Because the Constitution depended on the Islands Regulation, which gave fairly large autonomy to the Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles island territories, and the Islands Regulation was older than the Constitution, Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles scholars describe the Netherlands Antilles as a federal arrangement.
Netherlands Antilles | History, Flag, Capital, Currency, & Facts | infojudisakong.com
The head of state was the monarch of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, who was represented in the Netherlands Antilles by a governor. The governor and the council of ministers, chaired by a prime minister, formed the government. The Netherlands Antilles had a unicameral legislature called the Estates of the Netherlands Antilles.Busty Moms In Ayr North Dakota
Its 22 members were fixed in number for the islands making up the Netherlands Antilles: This status was Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles for all the islands after dissolution, and will Woman want nsa Boulder City kept Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles at least The islands enjoyed a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure as compared with other countries in the region.
Almost all consumer and capital goods were imported, with Venezuelathe United States, and Mexico being the major suppliers, as well as the Dutch government which supports the islands with substantial development aid. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hampered the development of agriculture.
The Antillean guilder had a fixed exchange rate with the United States dollar of 1. A large percentage of the Netherlands Antilleans descended from European colonists and African slaves who were brought and traded here from the 17th to 19th centuries.
Netherlanss The rest of the population originated from other Caribbean islands as well as Latin America, East Asia and elsewhere in the world. This creole descended from Portuguese and West African languages with a strong Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles of Dutch, plus subsequent lexical contributions from Spanish and English.
After a decades-long debate, English and Papiamentu were made official languages alongside Dutch in early March Due to a massive influx of immigrants from Spanish-speaking territories such as the Dominican Republic in the Windward Islands, and increased tourism from Venezuela in Antilpes Leeward Islands, Spanish had also become increasingly used.
Inthere was a population of about 2, MuslimsNetherlande an Islamic association Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles a mosque in the capital. Most Netherlands Antilleans were Dutch citizens and this status permitted and encouraged the young and university-educated to Seeking a Faulconbridge girl only to the Netherlands.
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This exodus was considered to be to the islands' detriment, as it created a brain drain. On the other Anilles, immigrants from the Dominican RepublicHaitithe Anglophone Caribbean and Colombia had increased their presence on these islands in later years.
The origins of the population and location of the islands gave the Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles Antilles a mixed culture. Tourism and overwhelming media presence from the United States increased the ni United States influence.Gerton-NC Milf Real Sex
On all the islands, the holiday of Carnival had become an important event after its importation from other Caribbean and Latin American countries in the s. Festivities included "jump-up" parades with beautifully colored costumes, floats, and live bands as well as beauty contests and other competitions.
Netherlands Lesser Antilles competed in the Winter Olympics ofnotably finishing 29th in the bobsled, ahead of Jamaica who famously competed but finished 30th.
Baseball is by far the most popular sport. Three athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles competed Antilkes the Summer Olympics.
They, Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles one athlete from South Sudancompeted under the banner of Independent Olympic Athletes. Unlike the metropolitan Cluntry, same-sex marriages were Eney country girls in Netherlands Antilles performed in the Netherlands Antilles, but those performed in other jurisdictions were recognised. It was known for ill treatment of prisoners and Ladies seeking nsa Neillsville Wisconsin 54456 conditions throughout the years.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Former Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This article is about the former counfry country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For the Dutch Caribbean islands in general, see Dutch Caribbean.
For the current integral territories of the constituent country of the Netherlands, see Caribbean Netherlands. Coat of arms Top: Libertate unanimus "Unified by freedom". Geography of the Netherlands Antilles.
Climate of the Netherlands Antilles.
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Politics of the Netherlands Antilles. Economy of the Netherlands Antilles. Demographics of the Netherlands Antilles. Martinand Culture of Saba. Netherlands Antilles at the Olympics.